EC141 Week 5 Homework Chapter 7

    EC141 Week 5
    Homework

    Chapter 7

    2. What
    assumptions cause the immediate-short-run aggregate supply curve to be
    horizontal? Why is the long-run aggregate supply curve vertical? Explain the
    shape of the short-run aggregate supply curve. Why is the short-run curve
    relatively flat to the left of the full-employment output and relatively steep
    to the right? LO2

    3.
    Other things equal, what effects would each of the following have on aggregate
    demand or aggregate supply? In each case
    use a diagram to show the expected effects on the equilibrium price level and
    the level of real output. LO3
    a. A
    reduction in the economy’s real interest rate.
    b. A
    major increase in Federal spending for health care (with no increase in taxes).
    c. The
    complete disintegration of OPEC, causing oil prices to fall by one-half.
    d. A 10
    percent reduction in personal income tax rates (with no change in government
    spending).
    e. A
    sizable increase in labor productivity (with no change in nominal wages).
    f. A
    12 percent increase in nominal wages (with no change in productivity).
    g. A
    sizable depreciation in the international value of the dollar.

    4.
    Other things equal, what effect will each of the following have on the
    equilibrium price level and level of real output? LO3
    a. An
    increase in aggregate demand in the steep portion of the aggregate supply
    curve.
    b. An
    increase in aggregate supply with no change in aggregate demand (assume that
    prices and wages are flexible upward and downward).
    c. Equal
    increases in aggregate demand and aggregate supply.
    d. A
    reduction in aggregate demand in the flat portion of the aggregate supply
    curve.
    e. An
    increase in aggregate demand and a decrease in aggregate supply.

    7.
    In early 2001 investment spending sharply declined in the United States. In the 2 months following the September 11,
    2001, attacks on the United States, consumption also declined. Use AD-AS analysis to show the two impacts on
    real GDP. LO4

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