ECO Group Exercise Chapter 9 and 10 MCQs

    Group Exercise D

    Chapter
    9
    1)
    Information costs
    A)
    are the costs of buying and selling financial claims.
    B) include the costs that savers incur
    to determine the credit worthiness of borrowers.
    C)
    include the costs borrowers incur to discover the best investments to make with
    the money they have borrowed.
    D)
    are zero in financial markets, but high for transactions carried out through
    financial intermediaries.

    2)
    Which of the following is NOT an example of transactions costs?
    A)
    high interest rates
    B)
    lawyers’ fees
    C)
    brokerage commissions
    D) minimum investment requirements

    3)
    The presence of information and transactions cost result in all of the
    following EXCEPT:
    A)
    reduced efficiency of financial markets.
    B) higher returns for savers
    C)
    some funds not being lent at all
    D)
    borrowers need to pay more for funds

    4)
    Which of the following does NOT represent a way in which financial
    intermediaries take advantage of economies of scale?
    A)
    paying lower brokerage fees per dollar invested
    B)
    paying lower legal fees per dollar invested
    C)
    purchasing sophisticated computer systems
    D) paying lower taxes per dollar
    invested

    5)
    Which of the following is NOT true of adverse selection?
    A)
    It would not exist in a world of perfect information.
    B)
    It arises because borrowers typically know more than lenders.
    C)
    It describes a lender’s problem of distinguishing the good-risk applicants from
    the bad-risk applicants.
    D) It describes a lender’s problem in
    verifying borrowers are using their funds as intended.

    6)
    The “lemons problem” is overcome in the used car market by
    A)
    strict government regulation of private deals between individual buyers and
    sellers of used cars.
    B)
    most used cars selling for well below their true values.
    C)
    “lemon insurance” policies being offered by insurance companies.
    D) the existence of used car dealers
    who are concerned about maintaining their reputations.

    7)
    Why is adverse selection more likely in financial markets when interest rates
    rise?
    A) The remaining borrowers are more
    likely to be risky.
    B)
    Higher interest rates are likely to hurt the economy.
    C)
    If firms have to pay higher interest rates, they may choose to use the funds
    differently than they first intended.
    D)
    Banks eliminate risky borrowers by raising interest rates.

    8)
    Credit rationing refers to
    A)
    the increase in the interest rate that occurs when the demand for credit
    increases.
    B)
    the increase in the interest rate that occurs when the supply of credit
    increases.
    C)
    the increase in the interest rate that occurs when the supply of credit
    decreases.
    D) a restriction in the availability of
    credit.

    9)
    Private information-collection firms fail to eliminate the adverse selection
    problem because
    A)
    the law does not allow them to disclose private information about the
    creditworthiness of firms.
    B)
    they do not monitor borrowers after loans have been made.
    C) some investors who do not pay for
    their services will still profit from them.
    D)
    most companies refuse to provide them with any information.

    10)
    Lenders prefer to lend to firms with high net worth because
    A)
    such firms are usually willing to pay higher interest rates.
    B) the owners of such firms have more
    to lose if the firm defaults on a loan.
    C)
    the government requires most bank loans to be made to such firms.
    D)
    such firms usually are unable to raise funds directly through financial
    markets.

    11)
    A firm’s principals are its
    A) shareholders.
    B)
    management.
    C)
    values.
    D)
    customers.

    12)
    Moral hazard is not eliminated in debt financing because
    A) borrowers have an incentive to
    assume greater risk than is in the interest of the lender.
    B)
    firms with a great deal of debt often go bankrupt.
    C)
    principal-agent problems are greater with debt financing than with equity
    financing.
    D)
    the use of restrictive covenants tends to increase moral hazard.

    13)
    The main reason why banks are the leading source of external finance for
    businesses is
    A)
    the interest rates on bank loans are usually lower than interest rates on
    corporate bonds.
    B) banks have an information-cost
    advantage in reducing adverse selection problems.
    C)
    interest paid on bank loans is deductible against the corporate income tax,
    whereas interest paid on corporate bonds is not.
    D)
    government regulators encourage small businesses to obtain funding from banks.
    14)
    Venture capital firms attempt to overcome the principal-agent problem by
    A)
    investing only in industries with high profit rates.
    B)
    charging high interest rates on loans.
    C) holding large equity stakes in the
    firms they invest in.
    D)
    avoiding investing in common stock.

    15)
    In the late 2000s, which of the following was the primary source of external
    financing for small to medium-size firms?
    A) mortgages
    B)
    bank loans other than mortgages
    C)
    trade credit
    D)
    other loans

    16)
    Smaller firms tend to rely on financial intermediaries instead of financial
    markets for external financing due to
    A)
    transactions costs.
    B)
    adverse selection.
    C)
    moral hazard.
    D) all of the above.

    Chapter
    10

    1)
    On a bank’s balance sheet, assets are
    A) the uses of acquired funds.
    B)
    the sources of acquired funds.
    C)
    those items owed by the bank to depositors and others.
    D)
    by definition equal to the bank’s liabilities.

    2)
    Which of the following is NOT a bank liability?
    A)
    checkable deposits
    B)
    CDs
    C) mortgage loans
    D)
    borrowings from the Federal Reserve

    3)
    Which of the following represented the largest liability on the balance sheet
    of U.S. commercial banks in 2012?
    A)
    checkable deposits
    B)
    loans
    C) nontransaction deposits
    D)
    borrowings

    4)
    A key difference between small-denomination and large-denomination time
    deposits is that
    A)
    small-denomination time deposits pay no interest.
    B) large-denomination time deposits may
    be bought and sold on secondary markets.
    C)
    large-denomination time deposits carry a significant penalty for early
    withdrawal.
    D)
    small-denomination time deposits carry a significant penalty for early
    withdrawal.

    5)
    Banks use repurchase agreements to
    A)
    ensure that payments on consumer loans are made on time.
    B) borrow funds from business firms or
    other banks.
    C)
    guard against price fluctuations on long-term bonds.
    D)
    ensure that they always have enough funds on hand to meet their federal tax
    liabilities.

    6)
    Which asset is sometimes referred to as a bank’s secondary reserves?
    A)
    vault cash
    B) U.S. government securities
    C)
    repurchase agreements
    D)
    federal funds

    7)
    What percentage of bank assets were in loans in 2012?
    A)
    8%
    B)
    20%
    C)
    37%
    D) 60%

    8)
    In 2012, net worth was about what percentage of total funds raised by banks?
    A)
    2%
    B)
    7%
    C) 13%
    D)
    35%

    9)
    If you deposit a $50 check in the bank, the immediate impact on your bank’s
    balance sheet will be a
    A) $50 increase in reserves and a $50
    increase in checkable deposits.
    B)
    $50 decrease in reserves and a $50 increase in checkable deposits.
    C)
    $50 increase in reserves and a $50 decrease in checkable deposits.
    D)
    $50 decrease in liabilities and a $50 increase in checkable deposits.

    10)
    A bank’s revenue comes from all of the following EXCEPT
    A) interest earned on vault cash.
    B)
    fees for services provided.
    C)
    interest on loans.
    D)
    interest on securities.

    11)
    If a bank has a capital to asset ratio of 0.1 and a return on assets of 2%,
    what is its return on equity?
    A)
    0.2%
    B)
    2.1%
    C)
    5%
    D) 20%

    12)
    In order to reduce the likelihood of excessive leverage in the banking system,
    governments have traditionally
    A) imposed capital requirements on
    commercial banks.
    B)
    imposed capital requirement on investment banks.
    C)
    imposed capital requirements on both commercial and investment banks.
    D)
    imposed asset requirements on all banks.

    13)
    As of 2012, about how many banks were there in the United States?
    A)
    57
    B)
    2000
    C) 6200
    D)
    14,000

    14)
    Which of the following is NOT an example of off-balance-sheet lending?
    A) a swap
    B)
    a standby letter of credit
    C)
    a loan commitment
    D)
    a loan sale

    15)
    The United States has a dual banking system in the sense that
    A)
    the public may deposit money in either commercial banks or savings-and-loan associations.
    B)
    banks offer both demand deposits and time deposits to savers.
    C) banks are chartered by the federal
    government and by state governments.
    D)
    banks both take in deposits and make loans.

    16)
    Congress introduced deposit insurance in response to
    A)
    the savings-and-loan crisis of the 1980s.
    B) the banking crisis of the 1930s.
    C)
    the demise of the Second Bank of the United States in 1836.
    D)
    the demise of the First Bank of the United States in 1811.

    17)
    The McFadden Act of 1927
    A)
    separated commercial banking from investment banking.
    B)
    put a tax on the issuance of bank notes by state banks.
    C) prohibited national banks from
    operating branches outside their home states.
    D)
    established the Federal Reserve System.

    18)
    In the current U.S. economy, who plays the role of lender of last resort?
    A)
    The Securities and Exchange Commission
    B)
    The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
    C) The Federal Reserve System
    D)
    The Social Security Administration

    19)
    Geographic restrictions on banks
    A) reduce their ability to take
    advantage of economies of scale.
    B)
    raise the costs of their providing risk-sharing, liquidity, and information
    services.
    C)
    reduce their exposure to credit risk.
    D)
    reduce the amount of local lending they undertake

    20)
    When you deposit $50 in your account at First National Bank and a $100 check
    you have written on this account is cashed at Chemical Bank, then
    A)
    the assets of First National rise by $50.
    B)
    the assets of Chemical Bank rise by $50.
    C) the reserves at First National fall
    by $50.
    D)
    the liabilities at Chemical Bank rise by $50.

    21)
    If a bank has $100,000 of checkable deposits, a required reserve ratio of 20
    percent, and it holds $40,000 in reserves, then the maximum deposit outflow it
    can sustain without altering its balance sheet is
    A)
    $30,000.
    B) $25,000.
    C)
    $20,000.
    D)
    $10,000.

    22)
    Bankers’ concerns regarding the optimal mix of excess reserves, secondary
    reserves, borrowings from the Fed, and borrowings from other banks to deal with
    deposit outflows is an example of
    A)
    liability management.
    B) liquidity management.
    C)
    managing interest rate risk.
    D)
    managing credit risk.

    23)
    A bank with insufficient reserves can increase its reserves by
    A)
    lending federal funds.
    B) calling in loans.
    C)
    buying short-term Treasury securities.
    D)
    buying municipal bonds.

    24)
    Banks that actively manage liabilities will most likely meet a reserve
    shortfall by
    A)
    calling in loans.
    B) borrowing federal funds.
    C)
    selling municipal bonds.
    D)
    seeking new deposits.

    25)
    Bank capital has both benefits and costs for the bank owners. Higher bank capital ________ the likelihood
    of bankruptcy, but higher bank capital ________ the return on equity for a
    given return on assets.
    A) reduces; reduces
    B)
    increases; increases
    C)
    reduces; increases
    D)
    increases; reduces

    26)
    If a bank needs to raise the amount of capital relative to assets, a bank
    manager might choose to
    A)
    buy back bank stock.
    B)
    pay higher dividends.
    C) shrink the size of the bank.
    D)
    sell securities the bank owns and put the funds into the reserve account.

    27)
    Suppose a bank has $90 million in liabilities, $100 million in assets, and
    after-tax profit of $2 million? what is its return on assets? What is its
    return on equity?

    ROA= $2 million/$100 million= 0.02
    ROA= 2%

    ROE= $2 million/$10 million or 2% x
    $100 million/ $10 million= 0.2
    ROE= 20%

    Order for this paper or request for a similar assignment by clicking order now below

    Order Now

    Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!