PSYC 355LAB PROJECT PHASE 2: RAW DATA SCORING INSTRUCTIONSHow to Create SPSS Data FileOpen a new data file in SPSS. You will create a file containing 1 variable for each item on thesurvey (for a total of 10). You will score each individual survey and enter the values into theappropriate column of the SPSS data file for later analysis.How to Score Survey and Enter Results into Data FileAll questions on the survey except the last one are written as Likert-type items, with choicesranging from Strongly agree to Strongly disagree. In order to enter these into the data file foranalysis, each of the answer choices will be given a corresponding score ranging from 1 to 5.NOTE: It is important to pay attention to the following directions, as some of the items will bereverse-scored (see below).1. Gather your completed surveys. It will be necessary to enter data from each individualsurvey into SPSS. If you have used the online method, you must follow these steps toaccess each individual survey:a) Sign into your account and go to My Surveys. Your survey title will appear with 3icons to the right: Design, Collect, and Analyze. Click on the pie graph underAnalyze. This will take you to a Response Summary page.b) On the menu bar to the left, click on Browse Responses. This allows you to vieweach individual survey, which is necessary in order to enter and analyze data in SPSS.Within Browse Responses, you can move from one individual survey to the next byclicking on the Next and Prev arrow buttons at the top.2. All items on the survey will be scored from 1 to 5 except for item 10. You will enter thescores for each survey into your SPSS data file under the corresponding variable, case bycase. If you have 10 surveys, you will have 10 cases (rows); if you have 25 surveys, 25cases (rows), etc.a) Scores for items 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, and 9 are as follows:Strongly agree = 5Agree = 4Neither agree nor disagree = 3Disagree = 2Strongly disagree = 1b) Scores for items 4 and 6 are reversed. This is because, in opposition to the otheritems, these items indicate a fundamentally different worldview than the Christianworldview, so the scoring must be reversed; this allows higher scores on all items toreflect an understanding of Christian doctrine, while lower scores indicatemisunderstanding or disagreement. This is a method commonly used in surveyresearch.Page 1 of 2PSYC 355c) Scores for items 4 and 6 are as follows:Strongly agree = 1Agree = 2Neither agree nor disagree = 3Disagree = 4Strongly disagree = 5d) For item 10, you will simply enter the exact number that the respondent filled in onthe survey (for example, 10 or 63, etc.) under the appropriate variable in the SPSSdata file.3. Remember that the original research question is about the relationship between churchattendance and understanding of Christian doctrine. We have one variable that representschurch attendance (item 10), but we do not have one sole variable to compare it toatotal score that represents doctrinal understanding. Based on what you have learned, howdo you think we should create this variable?Answer: After you have entered all of your survey data, create a new variable calledTot_Und (which is shorthand for total understanding). Define this variable as the sumof items 19; see Lesson 19 in Green & Salkind (2011) to review this procedure.Refer to the Lab Project Overview and Instructions in addition to this document whencompleting this phase.Submit this assignment by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Monday of Module/Week 4.

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